Redwood

Uses:  Outdoor furniture, desks and fences, siding

Sources: West coast of United States

Characteristics: Straight, fine grain with few knots or blemishes. Relatively light weight. Reddish brown with cream-colored sapwood. Naturally resistant to deterioration from UV sunlight, insects and moisture.

Workability: Machines and sands easily

Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well

Price: Moderate to expensive and not widely available in all nominal dimensions

Cypress

Uses: Exterior siding and boat building.  Interior and exterior trim, beams, flooring, cabinetry and paneling.

Source: Mississippi delta region of the United States

Characteristics: Straight, even grain pattern with low resin content. Naturally resistant to deterioration from UV sunlight, insects and moisture

Workability: Machines and Sands easily

Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well

Price: Inexpensive where regionally available.

White Pine (what we replace)

Uses:Indoor furniture, plywood, veneers and trim, construction lumber

Sources: United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight grain with even texture and tight pores

Workability: Machines easily with sharp steel or carbide blades and bits. Not prone to burning when machined, Lower resin content (prone to rot) than other pines so cutting edges stay cleaner longer.

Finishing: Stains may blotch without using a stain controller first.  Takes clear finishes and paints well.

Price: Inexpensive

Aromatic Cedar (Tennessee)

Uses: Naturally-occurring oils seems to repel moths, making this wood a common closet and chest lining.  Also used for veneers and outdoor furniture.

Sources: Eastern United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight to wavy grain pattern with fine texture. Red to tan in color with dramatic streaks of yellows and creams. Distinct aroma emitted when machined, and dust can be a respiratory irritant.

Workability: Machines similarly to western red cedar

Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well

Prince: Inexpensive

The wood spruce to the left is painted on the front but as you can see is very rotted on the back side.  

Job in progress below



Western Red Cedar (what we use)

Uses:  Outdoor furniture, exterior millwork, interior and exterior siding

Sources: United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight, variable grain pattern with coarse texture. Lowe density and fairly light-weight. Saw and sanding dust can be a respiratory irritant. Naturally resistant to deterioration from UV sunlight, insects and moisture.

Workability: Soft composition machines easily but end grain is prone to splintering and tear-out

Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well, but oils in wood can bleed through painted finishes unless printer is applied first

Price: Inexpensive to moderate where regionally available